End to End Data Science in Python with Dask


By Ravi Shankar, Data Scientist


Dask – Familiar pandas with superpowers


As the saying goes, a data scientist spends 90% of their time in cleansing knowledge and 10% in complaining in regards to the knowledge. Their complaints could vary from knowledge measurement, defective knowledge distributions, Null values, knowledge randomness, systematic errors in knowledge seize, variations between prepare and check units and the listing simply goes on and on.

One widespread bottleneck theme is the enormity of information measurement the place both the information would not match into reminiscence or the processing time is so giant(In order of multi-mins) that the inherent sample evaluation goes for a toss. Data scientists by nature are curious human beings who need to determine and interpret patterns usually hidden from cursory Drag-N-Drop look. They want to put on a number of hats and make the information confess through repeated tortures(learn iterations 😂)

They put on a number of hats throughout exploratory knowledge evaluation and from a minimal dataset with 6 columns on New York Taxi Fare dataset(https://www.kaggle.com/c/new-york-city-taxi-fare-prediction) – ID, Fare, Time of Trip, Passengers and Location, their questions could vary from:

  1. How the fares have modified Year-Over-Year?
  2. Has the variety of journeys elevated throughout the years?
  3. Do folks favor touring alone or they’ve firm?
  4. Has the small distance rides elevated as folks have grow to be lazier?
  5. What time of the day and day of week do folks need to journey?
  6. Is there emergence of latest hotspots in the town just lately besides the common Air Port pickup and drop?
  7. Are folks taking extra inter-city journeys?
  8. Has the site visitors elevated main to extra fares/time taken for a similar distances?
  9. Are there cluster of pick-up and Drop factors or areas which see excessive site visitors?
  10. Are there outliers in knowledge i.e zero distance and fare of $100+ and so forth?
  11. Do the demand change throughout Holiday season and airport journeys enhance?
  12. Is there any correlation of climate i.e rain or snow with the taxi demand?

Even after answering these questions, a number of sub-threads can emerge i.e can we predict how the Covid affected New 12 months goes to be, How the annual NY marathon shifts taxi demand, If a selected route if extra inclined to have a number of passengers(Party hub) vs Single Passengers( Airport to Suburbs).

To quench these curiosities, time is of the essence and its felony to hold the data scientists ready for five+ minutes to learn a csv file(55 Mn rows) or do a column add adopted by aggregation. Also, for the reason that majority of Data Scientists are self-taught they usually have been a lot used to pandas knowledge body API that they would not need to begin the training course of over again with a unique API like numba, Spark or datatable. I’ve tried juggling between DPLYR(R), Pandas(Python) and pyspark(Spark) and it’s a bit unfulfilling/unproductive contemplating the necessity for a uniform pipeline and code syntax. However, for the curious people, I’ve written a pyspark starter information right here: https://medium.com/@ravishankar_22148/billions-of-rows-milliseconds-of-time-pyspark-starter-guide-c1f984023bf2

In subsequent sections, I’m attempting to present a arms on information to Dask with minimal architectural change from our beloved Pandas:


1. Data Read and Profiling


Dask vs Pandas velocity


How is Dask ready to course of knowledge ~90X quicker i.e Sub 1 secs to 91 secs in pandas.



What makes Dask so widespread is the truth that it makes analytics scalable in Python and never essentially want switching forwards and backwards between SQL, Scala and Python.The magical function is that this software requires minimal code adjustments. It breaks down computation into pandas knowledge frames and thus operates in parallel to allow quick calculations.





2. Data Aggregation

With completely zero change from Pandas API, it’s ready to carry out aggregation and sorting in milliseconds. Please observe .compute() perform on the finish of lazy computation which brings the outcomes of big data to reminiscence in Pandas Data Frame.


3. Machine Learning

Code snippet beneath offers a working instance of function engineering and ML mannequin constructing in Dask utilizing XGBoost

Feature Engineering and ML Model with Dask



Dask is a robust software providing parallel computing, big data dealing with and creating finish to finish Data Science pipeline. It has a steep studying curve because the API is nearly comparable to pandas and it might deal with Out Of Memory computations(~10X of RAM) like a breeze.

Since it’s a residing weblog, I will probably be writing subsequent elements in Dask collection the place we will probably be focusing on Kaggle leaderboard utilizing parallel processing. Let me know in feedback if you’re dealing with any points in organising Dask or unable to carry out any Dask Operations and even for a normal chit-chat. Happy Learning!!!


  1. https://ml.dask.org/
  2. https://dask.org/
  3. https://medium.com/@ravishankar_22148/billions-of-rows-milliseconds-of-time-pyspark-starter-guide-c1f984023bf2
  4. https://towardsdatascience.com/how-i-learned-to-love-parallelized-applies-with-python-pandas-dask-and-numba-f06b0b367138
  5. https://www.kaggle.com/yuliagm/how-to-work-with-big-datasets-on-16g-ram-dask
  6. https://medium.com/better-programming/what-is-dask-and-how-can-it-help-you-as-a-data-scientist-72adec7cec57

Bio: Ravi Shankar is a Data Scientist-II at Amazon Pricing.

Original. Reposted with permission.



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