Deploying a TensorFlow Model to Production made Easy. | by Renu Khandelwal | Oct, 2020


Deploy a Deep Studying Mannequin to Manufacturing utilizing TensorFlow Serving.

Be taught step-by-step deployment of a TensorFlow mannequin to Manufacturing utilizing TensorFlow Serving.

You created a deep studying mannequin utilizing Tensorflow, fine-tuned the mannequin for higher accuracy and precision, and now need to deploy your mannequin to manufacturing for customers to make use of it to make predictions.

What’s one of the best ways to deploy your mannequin to manufacturing?

Quick, versatile methods to deploy a TensorFlow deep studying mannequin is to make use of excessive performing and extremely scalable serving system-Tensorflow Serving

TensorFlow Serving permits you to

  • Simply handle a number of variations of your mannequin, like an experimental or secure model.
  • Hold your server structure and APIs the identical
  • Dynamically discovers a brand new model of the TensorFlow circulate mannequin and serves it utilizing gRPC(distant process protocol) utilizing a constant API construction.
  • Constant expertise for all shoppers making inferences by centralizing the situation of the mannequin

What are the elements of TensorFlow Serving that makes deployment to manufacturing straightforward?

TensorFlow Serving Structure

The important thing elements of TF Serving are

  • Servables: A Servable is an underlying object utilized by shoppers to carry out computation or inference. TensorFlow serving represents the deep studying fashions as one ore extra Servables.
  • Loaders: Handle the lifecycle of the Servables as Servables can’t handle their very own lifecycle. Loaders standardize the APIs for loading and unloading the Servables, impartial of the precise studying algorithm.
  • Supply: Finds and supplies Servables after which provides one Loader occasion for every model of the servable.
  • Managers: Handle the total lifecycle of the servable: Loading the servable, Serving the servable, and Unloading the servable.
  • TensorFlow Core: Manages lifecycle and metrics of the Servable by making the Loader and servable as opaque objects

Let’s say you might have two completely different variations of a mannequin, model 1 and model 2.

  • The shoppers make an API name by both specifying a model of the mannequin explicitly or simply requesting the mannequin’s newest model.
  • Managers take heed to the Sources and maintain observe of all of the variations of the Servable; it then applies the configured model coverage to find out which model of the mannequin must be loaded or unloaded after which let’s Loader load the suitable model.
  • The loader accommodates all of the meta-data to load the Servable.
  • The Supply plug-in will create an occasion of Loader for every model of the Servable.
  • The Supply makes a callback to the Supervisor to inform the Aspired Model of the Loader to be loaded and serve it to the consumer.
  • Every time the Supply detects a brand new model of the Servable, it creates a Loader pointing to the Servable on the disk.

The way to deploy a deep studying mannequin utilizing Tensorflow serving on Home windows 10?

For Home windows 10, we’ll use a TensorFlow serving picture.

Step 2: Pull the TensorFlow Serving Picture

docker pull tensorflow/serving

After you have the TensorFlow Serving picture

  • Port 8500 is uncovered for gRPC
  • Port 8501 is uncovered for the REST API
  • Elective surroundings variable MODEL_NAME (defaults to mannequin)
  • Elective surroundings variable MODEL_BASE_PATH (defaults to /fashions)

Step 3: Create and Prepare the Mannequin

Right here I’ve taken the MNIST dataset from TensorFlow datasets

#Importing required libraries
import os
import json
import tempfile
import requests
import numpy as np
import tensorflow as tf
import tensorflow_datasets as tfds
#Loading MNIST practice and take a look at dataset
#as_supervised=True, will return tuple as an alternative of a dictionary for picture and label
(ds_train, ds_test), ds_info = tfds.load("mnist", cut up=['train','test'], with_info=True, as_supervised=True)
#to pick the 'picture' and 'label' utilizing indexing coverting practice and take a look at dataset to a numpy array
array = np.vstack(tfds.as_numpy(ds_train))
X_train = np.array(listing(map(lambda x: x[0], array)))
y_train = np.array(listing(map(lambda x: x[1], array)))
X_test = np.array(listing(map(lambda x: x[0], array)))
y_test = np.array(listing(map(lambda x: x[1], array)))
#setting batch_size and epochs
#Creating enter knowledge pipeline for practice and take a look at dataset
# Operate to normalize the photographs
def normalize_image(picture, label):
#Normalizes photos from uint8` to drift32
return tf.solid(picture, tf.float32) / 255., label
# Enter knowledge pipeline for take a look at dataset
#Normalize the picture utilizing map operate then cache and shuffle the #practice dataset
# Create a batch of the coaching dataset after which prefecth for #overlapiing picture preprocessing(producer) and mannequin execution work #(shopper)
ds_train =
normalize_img, num_parallel_calls=tf.knowledge.experimental.AUTOTUNE)
ds_train = ds_train.cache()
ds_train = ds_train.shuffle(ds_info.splits['train'].num_examples)
ds_train = ds_train.batch(batch_size)
ds_train = ds_train.prefetch(tf.knowledge.experimental.AUTOTUNE)
# Enter knowledge pipeline for take a look at dataset (No must shuffle the take a look at #dataset)
ds_test =
normalize_image, num_parallel_calls=tf.knowledge.experimental.AUTOTUNE)
ds_test = ds_test.batch(batch_size)
ds_test = ds_test.cache()
ds_test = ds_test.prefetch(tf.knowledge.experimental.AUTOTUNE)
# Construct the mannequin
mannequin = tf.keras.fashions.Sequential([
tf.keras.layers.Flatten(input_shape=(28, 28, 1)),
tf.keras.layers.Dense(196, activation='softmax')
#Compile the mannequin
#Match the mannequin

Step 4: Save the Mannequin

Saving the mannequin right into a protocol buffer file by specifying the save_format as “tf”.

model = "1"
export_path = a part of(MODEL_DIR, str(model))
#Save the mannequin, save_format="tf")
print('nexport_path = {}'.format(export_path))
!dir {export_path}

Once we save a model of the mannequin, we will see the next directories containing information:

  • Saved_model.pb: Accommodates the serialized graph definition of a number of mannequin together with the metadata of the mannequin as a MetaGraphDef protocol buffer. Weights and variables are saved within the separate checkpoint information.
  • Variables: information that maintain the usual coaching checkpoint

You may study the mannequin utilizing the saved_model_cli command.

!saved_model_cli present --dir {export_path} --all

Step 5: Serving the mannequin utilizing Tensorflow Serving

Open Home windows Powershell and execute the next command to start out the TensorFlow Serving container for serving the TensorFlow mannequin utilizing the REST API port.

docker run -p 8501:8501 --mount kind=bind,supply=C:TF_servingtf_model,goal=/fashions/mnist/ -e MODEL_NAME=mnist -t tensorflow/serving 

To efficiently serve the TensorFlow mannequin with Docker.

  • Open the port 8501 to serve the mannequin utilizing -p
  • Mount will bind the mannequin base path, which must be an absolute path to the container’s location the place the mannequin can be saved.
  • The identify of the mannequin consumer will use to name by specifying the MODEL_NAME
  • assign a pseudo-terminal “tensorflow/serving” utilizing -t choice
output of the docker run command

Step 6: Make a REST request the mannequin to foretell

We’ll create a JSON object to go the info for prediction.

#Create JSON Object
knowledge = json.dumps({“signature_name”: “serving_default”, “situations”: X_test[:20].tolist()})

Request the mannequin’s predict technique as a POST to the server’s REST endpoint.

headers = {"content-type": "software/json"}
json_response = requests.put up('
http://localhost:8501/v1/models/mnist:predict', knowledge=knowledge, headers=headers)
predictions = json.masses(json_response.textual content)['predictions']

Checking the accuracy of the prediction

pred=[ np.argmax(predictions[p]) for p in vary(len(predictions)) ]
print("Predictions: ",pred)
print("Precise: ",y_test[:20].tolist())

Within the subsequent article, we’ll discover the completely different mannequin server configurations.


TensorFlow Serving is a quick, versatile, extremely scalable, and easy-to-use approach to serve your manufacturing mannequin utilizing constant gRPC or REST APIs.



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